Watershed Development Department – Haveri District
Watershed development department came into existence
during 2000-01 in Haveri District. District watershed
Development Officer being the Head of the district is
implementing various schemes like. Integrated Wasteland
Development Programme, Drought Prone Area Programme,
National Watershed Development Programme in Rain fed
areas. River Valley Project, NABARD Assisted Watershed
Programmes etc., with the assistance of sectoral
officers like Assistant Director of Agriculture,
Assistant Conservator of Forest, Assistant Director of
Horticulture. There are two subdivisions in the district
viz, Haveri and Ranebennur, Haveri subdivision consists
of 4 talukas like Haveri, Hangal, savanur and shiggoan.
Whereas Ranebennur subdivision consists of 3 talukas viz,
Byadagi, Hirekerur and Ranebennur. At Taluk level one
Agricultural Officer will work as Taluka Watershed
Development Officer and Team Leader with the assistance
of AAO, AHO, RFOs, along with Agricultural assistants,
Forester, Horticultural assistants.
What is Watershed?
The word watershed refers to a “contiguous area draining into a single water
body or a water course” or “it is a topographical area having a common
drainage”. This means that the rainwater falling on an area coming within a
ridgeline can be harvested and will flow out of this area thorough single point.
Some refer it as a catchment area or river basin.
watershed is like a bathtub. The watershed outlet - the mouth of a pond, lake or
river- is the tub's drain. The watershed boundary is the tub's rim. The
watershed's drainage system consists of a network of rivers, streams,
constructed channels, stormdrains, wetlands, and the underlying groundwater.
The diagram below suggests a typical watershed that starts with small headwater
streams in the higher elevations of the drainage basin. Water flows downhill
from the drainage divide into larger streams, eventually joining a river. As
more tributary streams join the river, the volume of water increases. This river
eventually flows downstream into an even larger river at the confluence.
What is Watershed Development ?
Simply, we can say it is the development of watershed area based on type of
soil, depth of soil, vegetative cover, harvestable rain water in that area and
watering that area and water budgeting and treatment given to soils from the
ridge to the valley. It is not a simple word. The term watershed development
encompasses additional dimensions like equity, sustainability, gender and
peoples participation. It has become a trusted tool for the overall development
of the village and people living within a watershed area.
Watershed development refers to the conservation regeneration and the judicious
use of all the resources – natural ( like land, water plants, animals) and human
– within the watershed area. Watershed Management tries to bring about the best
possible balance in the environment between natural resources on the one side
and man and animals on the other. Since it is the man which is primarily
responsible for degradation of environment, regeneration and conservation can
only be possible by promoting awakening and participation among the people who
inhabit the watersheds
WHY WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT ?
Man and his environment are interdependent. The changes in the environment
directly affect the lives of the people depending on it. A degraded environment
means a degraded quality of life of the people. Environmental degradation can be
tackled effectively through the holistic development of the watershed. A
watershed provides a natural geo-hydrological unit for planning any
WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
To mitigate the adverse effects of drought on crops and livestock.
To control desertification.
To encourage restoration of ecological balance and
To promote economic development of village community.
Opinions of Watershed Experts
In the words of eminent economist, C.H.Hanumantha Rao “Watershed development has
been conceived basically as a strategy for protecting the livelihoods of the
people inhabiting the fragile ecosystems experiencing soil erosion and moisture
Watershed Development Programme aims at creating a scenario where the Government
acts as a facilitator and the people at the grass root level become the real
executioner of the programme.
Benefits derived from Watershed Methodology
The crop yield has increased by 25-40% in dry land farming
The soil loss due to erosion was brought down by 30%
Large extents of barren hill slopes were covered by vegetation.
Large tracts of marginal lands brought under dry land Horticulture
Development of Agro-Horti and Agro-Forestry systems.
Water resources were harvested through nala bunds, farm ponds, gully
Regeneration of grass lands for more fodder and grass.
The income of farmers increased considerably.
Shri. Gurumurthy, M.Sc.(Agri)
Haveri District, Haveri.
|Office : 08375-249053
Fax : 08375-249056
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
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